ACT NO. 16 OR 1939*
 [8th April, 1939.]
 An Act to provide for the registration of foreigners in British India.
 WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the registration of foreigners entering, being present in, and departing from, British India;
 1. Short title and extent.
(1) This Act may  be  called  the Registration of Foreigners Act, 1939.
(2) It extends to 2[the whole of India]
  2. Definitions.

        2. Definitions. In this Act-
 3[ (a)" foreigner " means a person who is not a citizen of India;]
         4*                      *               *               *
 *               *
 (b) "prescribed " means prescribed by rules made under this Act.
 3. Power to make rules.
           3.  Power  to make rules. [(1)]8 The  Central  Government  may after  previous publication, by power to notification in the  Official Gazette,  make rules 6 with respect to make rules. foreigners for  any or all of the following purposes, that is to say-
 (a) for requiring any foreigner entering, or being present in, 7[India] to report his presence to a prescribed authority
 *This Act has been extended to-  Goa,  Daman  and Diu with modifications by Reg. 12 of 1962, s.  3  and Sch.   Pondicherry  with, modifications vide Notification  No.  G.S.R. 1557. dated 24-11-1962, Gazette of India, Part 11, Sec. 3 (i), p. 1886 ; brought into force in Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Reg. 6 of 1963, s. 2 and Sch.  I. (w.e.f. 1-7-1965) ;
 Lakshadweep vide Reg. 8 of 1665, s. 3 and Sch. (w.e.f. 1-10-1967)
 Sch. (w.e.f. 1-10-1967).
 the  State of Sikkim vide Notification No. G.S.R. 41 (E), dated  27-1-1976 (w.e.f. 1-2-1976).
 1 Subs. by Act 37 of 1949, s. 2, for "the Provinces of India".
 2 Subs. by s. 3, ibid., for "all the Provinces of India".
  3  The words "except the State of Hyderabad", ins. by the  A.O.  1950,omitted by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and Sch.
 4  Subs. by Act 11 of 1957, s, 8, for the former clause (w.e.f.  19-1-1957).
 5  Cl.  (aa), ins. by the A.O. 1950, omitted by Act 3 of  1951,  s.  3
 and Sch.
 6  For Registration of Foreigners Rules. 1939, see Gazette  of  India, 1939, Pt. I, P. 1059.1939, Pt. I, P. 1059.     
 7 Subs. by Act 37   of 1949, s. 4. for "the Provinces".
 8 Renumbered by Act 4 of 1986 , s. 2, such. (w.e.f. 15-5-1986)
 4  within  such time and in such manner and with such particulars as  may be prescribed;
 (b) for requiring any foreigner moving from one place to another  place in 1[India] to report, on arrival at such other place, his presence to a  prescribed authority within such time and in such manner  and  with such particulars as may be prescribed;

 (c)  for  requiring any foreigner who is about to  leave  1[India]  to report  the date of his intended departure and such other  particulars as may be prescribed to such authority. and within such period  before departure as may. be prescribed;

 (d)  for  requiring  any  foreigner entering,  being  present  in,  or departing  from,  1[India]  to  produce, on  demand  by  a  prescribed authority, such proof of his identity as may be prescribed;  

(e)  for  requiring  any person having the management  of  any  hotel, boarding-house,  sarai or any other premises of like nature to  report the name of any foreigner residing therein for whatever duration, to a prescribed  authority,  within such time and in such manner  and  with such particulars as may be prescribed;

 (f)  for requiring any person having the management or control of  any vessel  or  aircraft  to  furnish  to  a  prescribed  authority   such information as may be prescribed regarding any foreigner entering,  or intending to depart from, 1[India], in such vessel or aircraft, and to furnish to such authority such assistance as may be necessary or pres- cribed for giving effect to this Act;

 2(4)  Every rule made under this section shall be laid as soon as  may be  after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is  in session,  for a total Period of thirty days which may be comprised  in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before  the expiry  of  the  session  immediately following  the  session  or  the successive  sessions  aforesaid.  both  Houses  agree  in  making  any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be  made.   The  rule  shall there after have  effect  only,  in  such modified  form  or be of no effect, as the case may be;  so,  however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice  to the validity of anything previously done tinder that rule.]
  (g) for providing for such other incidental or supplementary matters as may appear to the Central Government necessary or expedient for giving effect to this Act.
   4.Burden of proof.If any question arises with reference to this Act or any rule made thereunder, whether any person is or is not a foreigner, or is or is not a foreigner of a particular class or description,  the onus  of  proving  that such person is not a foreigner  or  is  not  a foreigner of
      1. Subs. by Act 37 of 1949, s. 4, for  "the Provinces"
      2. Ins. by Act 4 of 1986, S. 2 & Sch(w.e.f. 15-5-1956)
  4 A such  particular class or description, as the case may be, shall,  not withstanding anything contained in the Indian Evidence Act, 1872 (1 of 1872 ) lie upon such person.

  5.  Penalties.  Any  person who contravenes,  or  attempts  to contravene,  or fails to comply with, any provision of any  rule  made under  this Act shall be punished, if a foreigner,  with  imprisonment for a term  which may extend to one year or with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees or with both, or if not a foreigner, with  fine which may extend to five hundred rupees.   

 6.  Power to exempt from application of Act. The  Central  Government may,  by  order 1, declare that any or all of the  provisions  of  the rules made under this Act shall not apply

      1  for  Registration  of Foreigners Exemption  Order,  1949,  see Gazette of India 1949, Pt. I, P. 1591. or  shall  apply  only  with such modifications  or  subject  to  such conditions as may be specified in the said order, to or in relation to any individual foreigner or any class or description of foreigner :
         Provided  that a copy of every such order shall be  placed  on the  table  of  1*  *  *  Parliament as  soon  as  may  be  after  its promulgation.
         7.  Protection  to  persons acting under this  Act.  No  suit, prosecution or other legal proceeding shall lie against any person for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.
         8.  Application  of other laws not barred. The  provisions  of this  Act  shall  be in addition to, and not  in  derogation  of,  the provisions of the Foreigners Act, 2[1946] (31 of 1946.)  and any other law for the time being in force.
      9.  Application of Act to Part B States. [Application of  Act  to Part  B  States.]  Rep. by the Part B States (Laws) Act,  1951  (3  of 1951), s. 3 and Sch.
 1 The words " both Houses of " rep. by the A.O. 1948.
 2 Subs. by Act  37 of 1949, s. 5, for " 1864".
 3 Added, ibid, s. 6.
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